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Non Surgical Chemical Peeling Treatments For the Face
Aging is something which no one can avoid; it is our skin which provides the first evidence to the tangible process of aging. Though not claiming to produce miracles; cosmetic surgery is able to work wonders with the wide range of anti-aging treatments available –from non-surgical "refinishing" (skin surface) treatments to complex facelift surgeries which have now become the order of the day.
Retin-A® and glycolic acid treatments are refinishing cosmetic surgery techniques which enhance your appearance and give your skin a smoother, fresher look, but their results are less dramatic than phenol chemical deep peels and surgical approaches like dermaplaning, dermabrasion, and minimally invasive Botox injections.
Retin-A is an FDA approved anti-aging treatment recommended for patients who have some fine facial wrinkles, or blotchy pigmented areas anti aging effects caused by sun damage.
Retin A and Renova are the best known brands of tretinoin (short for trans-retinoic acid), a substance related to vitamin A. Topical tretinoin is one of very few substances whose anti-aging effects on the skin have been documented in many well-designed studies of various duration.
Patients who are planning to have a chemical peel treatment are often instructed by their plastic surgeon to use Retin-A® as a preparation treatment; Retin-A® thins the skin's outer layer, allowing the acid solution used in a peel treatment to penetrate more deeply and evenly.
A chemical peel uses a chemical solution to improve and smooth the texture of the facial skin by removing its damaged outer layers, age-related wrinkles and premature wrinkling caused by sun exposure. Depending on the degree of wrinkling, a light, medium or deep peel may be recommended.
No medical degree is required to perform a chemical peel - even the strongest phenol peels. But one has to beware of inadequately trained practitioners claiming "miracle techniques" to rejuvenate the skin.
It is very important that you find a physician who has adequate training and experience in skin resurfacing. Your plastic surgeon may offer you a choice of peel techniques or suggest a combination of peels to obtain the best result for you.
Glycolic acid treatments
Alphahydroxy acids (AHAs), such as glycolic, lactic, or fruit acids are the mildest of the peel formulas and produce light peels. Glycolic or "fruity acid" treatments can offer smoother skin to people of all ages. This type of treatment seems to work best on patients who have rough, sun-damaged skin. Glycolic acids are sometimes formulated with bleaching chemicals to correct areas of uneven pigmentation.
Trichloroacetic acid Medium Depth Peel
Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) can be used in many concentrations, but it is most commonly used for medium-depth peeling. The results of a TCA peel are usually less dramatic than, and not as long-lasting as, those of a phenol peel. In fact, more than one TCA peel may be needed to achieve the desired result. The recovery from a TCA peel is usually shorter than with a phenol peel.
Phenol is the strongest of the chemical solutions and produces a deep peel and most dramatic results, but the treatment is suitable only for fair skinned people
The choice for the chemical peel is decided during the consultation with the plastic surgeon depending upon your skin type and degree of ageing and degree of sun damage. Your personal choice can also influence the decision. For the best results it is advisable to follow the instructions of the plastic surgeon for the cosmetic surgery before and after.