Chemical Peels for Facial Rejuvenation the surface repair treatment

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Non Surgical Chemical Peeling Treatments For the Face
Aging is something which no one can avoid; it is our skin which provides the first evidence to the tangible process of aging. Though not claiming to produce miracles; cosmetic surgery is able to work wonders with the wide range of anti-aging treatments available from non-surgical "refinishing" (skin surface) treatments to complex facelift surgeries which have now become the order of the day.

"Surface-repair" treatments
Retin-A and glycolic acid treatments are refinishing cosmetic surgery techniques which enhance your appearance and give your skin a smoother, fresher look, but their results are less dramatic than phenol chemical deep peels and surgical approaches like dermaplaning, dermabrasion, and minimally invasive Botox injections.

Retin-A treatment
Retin-A is an FDA approved anti-aging treatment recommended for patients who have some fine facial wrinkles, or blotchy pigmented areas anti aging effects caused by sun damage.

Retin A and Renova are the best known brands of tretinoin (short for trans-retinoic acid), a substance related to vitamin A. Topical tretinoin is one of very few substances whose anti-aging effects on the skin have been documented in many well-designed studies of various duration.

Patients who are planning to have a chemical peel treatment are often instructed by their plastic surgeon to use Retin-A as a preparation treatment; Retin-A thins the skin's outer layer, allowing the acid solution used in a peel treatment to penetrate more deeply and evenly.

Form of the treatment Topical
Application: Every night before you go to bed along with a moisturizer once or twice for about 8 months
Side Effects: Redness, irritation, itching, stinging, or skin dryness
Risks: No serious side effects
Care: Consistent use of a sun-block to avoid ultraviolet light, withdrawing the use of cosmetics on your face.
Results: Subtle improvements in the texture and tone of your skin with followed by the disappearance of fine lines and the shrinking of large pores.
Contraindication: Retin-A is not recommended for pregnant women or nursing mothers, because its effects on the fetus and nursing infant are still being studied.

Chemical Peel
A chemical peel uses a chemical solution to improve and smooth the texture of the facial skin by removing its damaged outer layers, age-related wrinkles and premature wrinkling caused by sun exposure. Depending on the degree of wrinkling, a light, medium or deep peel may be recommended.

No medical degree is required to perform a chemical peel - even the strongest phenol peels. But one has to beware of inadequately trained practitioners claiming "miracle techniques" to rejuvenate the skin.

It is very important that you find a physician who has adequate training and experience in skin resurfacing. Your plastic surgeon may offer you a choice of peel techniques or suggest a combination of peels to obtain the best result for you.

Glycolic acid treatments
Alphahydroxy acids (AHAs), such as glycolic, lactic, or fruit acids are the mildest of the peel formulas and produce light peels. Glycolic or "fruity acid" treatments can offer smoother skin to people of all ages. This type of treatment seems to work best on patients who have rough, sun-damaged skin. Glycolic acids are sometimes formulated with bleaching chemicals to correct areas of uneven pigmentation.

Form of the treatment Topical, mild.
Skin Type: Rough dry skin.
Recommendation: Recovery of sum damaged skin, control of acne
Application: Twice daily, either by smoothing on the cream or using a facial wash -- strength of the acid formulation or the frequency of its use as directed by your doctor.

Can be mixed with bleaching agents to correct pigment problems.

Can be used as TCA pre-treatment.
Side Effects: redness, irritation, itching, stinging, or skin dryness
Risks: No serious side effect.
Care: Consistent use a sun-block to ultraviolet light, withdrawing the use of cosmetics on your face.
Results: The Results start to become evident within 6 weeks, Smoothens rough, dry skin.

Trichloroacetic acid Medium Depth Peel
Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) can be used in many concentrations, but it is most commonly used for medium-depth peeling. The results of a TCA peel are usually less dramatic than, and not as long-lasting as, those of a phenol peel. In fact, more than one TCA peel may be needed to achieve the desired result. The recovery from a TCA peel is usually shorter than with a phenol peel.

Form of the treatment Treatment takes 10-15 minutes of time, may require pre-treatment with Retin-A or AHA creams, requires the adjustment of peel depth
Skin Type: Skin with finer wrinkles, suitable for dark skin
Recommendation: For smoothing out fine surface wrinkles, removing superficial blemishes and corrects pigment problems
Application: Can be applied on the neck
Side Effects:
Risks: Procedure may pose risk for patients with heart problems
Care: Sun block must be used for several months. Repeat treatment may be needed to maintain results
Results: Healing is usually quick, much quicker than with a phenol peel

Phenol peel
Phenol is the strongest of the chemical solutions and produces a deep peel and most dramatic results, but the treatment is suitable only for fair skinned people

Form of the treatment Strong, Full-face treatment may take one hour or more
Skin Type: Only for fair kin with coarse facial wrinkles, blotchy or damaged skin
Recommendation: For correcting blotches and wrinkles caused by: sun exposure, birth-control pills, aging
Application: Only on face
Side Effects: Permanent skin lightening and lines of demarcation
Risks: Procedure may pose risk for patients with heart problems
Care: Sun block must be used for several months
Results: Results dramatic and long-lasting but  the recovery may be slow - requiring several months for complete healing

The choice for the chemical peel is decided during the consultation with the plastic surgeon depending upon your skin type and degree of ageing and degree of sun damage. Your personal choice can also influence the decision. For the best results it is advisable to follow the instructions of the plastic surgeon for the cosmetic surgery before and after.

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