Facial Rejuvenation with ablative and non ablative laser cosmetic surgery

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Laser Cosmetic Surgery Of Face
Laser cosmetic surgery of the face is similar to dermabrasion resurfacing treatment but it differs in using a beam from a CO2 laser which vaporizes the upper layers of damaged skin at specific and controlled levels of penetration. Most often, the procedure is done in conjunction with another cosmetic operation, such as a face lift or eyelid surgery.

All resurfacing treatments work essentially the same way. First, the outer layers of damaged skin are stripped away. Then, as new cells form during the healing process, a smoother, tighter, younger-looking skin surface appears. Laser resurfacing techniques have some edge over other methods such as chemical peels and dermabrasion because of the greater control and precision in its application and less post-operative discomfort. An activated laser is carefully passed back and forth over the skin until the surgeon reaches the level that will make the wrinkle or scar less visible.

But the procedure is relatively new and one needs to have a proper consultation with the plastic surgeon because the method is not for everyone.

Planning Your Surgery
Not every practitioner who offers laser surgery has the same level of experience and skill with laser use. That is why it is especially important that you find a plastic surgeon who is adequately trained in the procedure.

In your initial consultation, be frank in discussing your expectations with the surgeon and don't hesitate to ask any questions you may have. Your surgeon should be equally frank with you, explaining the factors that could influence the procedure and the results - such as any abnormal skin condition which has been diagnosed or previously treated, medications you are taking or have taken in the past, previous skin injuries or previous operations and the cost and payment of cosmetic surgery, remember that the cosmetic laser treatments can be expensive and are usually not covered by medical insurance except some cases when used for modification of scars or the removal of pre-cancerous skin growths.

Preparing for the laser procedure
Depending on your individual needs, your surgeon may recommend that you begin a pre-treatment plan to prepare the skin for resurfacing.

About 10 days of intensive post-operative care is needed, new skin will usually remain bright pink to red in the weeks following the procedure.

The final result from laser resurfacing may take several months to fully appear. However, once the pinkness fades, patients usually notice a significant improvement in the quality of their skin and a fresher, smoother appearance.

It's important to understand that your results will be long-lasting, but not permanent. Remember, your new skin is not immune to the effects of aging.

Outline of the laser cosmetic Surgery for the face

Location of the procedure As a outpatient center, in surgeonís office, or in a hospital
Need for anesthesia Local anesthesia with sedation for treating localized areas of the face, general anesthesia for more extensive procedures
Length of the procedure Few minutes to 1 1/2 hours, depending on how large of an area is involved
Procedure suited for Erase fine lines and wrinkles of the face, for the treatment of facial scars and uneven pigmentation on the whole face or in specific areas, Smooth and tighten eyelid skin and treat crow's feet around the eyes
Recommendation of the procedure Specific areas near the eyes and around mouth, not suitable for skin with infections and acne and for dynamic wrinkles
Side effects Little swelling and discomfort
Risks Burns or other injuries from the heat of the laser energy, scarring, and obvious lightening or darkening of the treated skin. Also, laser resurfacing can activate herpes virus infections ("cold sores") and, rarely, other types of infection.
Care With protective creams or ointments until healing is complete, ice packs
Post operative care Avoiding makeup and exposure to sun until the healing is complete
Results Take long to manifest, but dramatic improvement is seen.

Results are also subject to aging

Limitations of Laser Resurfacing
Laser resurfacing is not a substitute for a facelift, nor can the procedure eliminate excessive skin or jowls. It can work well in conjunction with, or as an additional treatment to, other cosmetic skin procedures such as chemical peels, eyelid surgery, and liposuction of the face and neck

Non-Ablative Laser Resurfacing
Unlike the above mentioned laser resurfacing technology, non-ablative or non-wounding lasers actually work beneath the surface skin layer. The method is also known as Photo Rejuvenation. Here the laser is applied only to stimulate collagen growth and tighten underlying skin to improve skin tone and remove fine lines and mild to moderate skin damage. Because this technique doesn't injure the outer layers of skin, there is no prolonged healing phase with the associated risk of complications and loss of time from normal activities. It offers the patient the benefits of few side effects and rapid healing with virtually no "downtime."

The underlying principle of Non-Ablative Technology is to create a controlled injury to certain "target" structures in the dermis, while completely sparing the epidermis from damage. Conditions that can be treated by Non-Ablative technologies include facial rhytides (wrinkles), rosacea, sun damage, hyperpigmentation, age and "liver" spots, and minor surface irregularities. Unlike traditional resurfacing techniques, Non-Ablative procedures can be performed almost anywhere on the body with very little or no risk of scarring.

Location of the procedure Can be performed in surgeonís office
Need for anaethesica Topical or Local anesthesia along with some sedation
Length of the procedure 1-2 hours
Procedure suited for Erasing fine lines and wrinkles of the face, for the treatment of facial scars and uneven pigmentation on the whole face or in specific areas, to smooth and tighten eyelid skin and treat crow's feet around the eyes
Recommendation of the procedure Specific areas near the eyes and around mouth, not suitable for skin with infections and acne and for dynamic wrinkles
Side effects Very little discomfort
Risks Scarring, crusting, swelling, and discoloration and pain and bleeding if an old technique is used
Care With protective creams or ointments until healing is complete, ice packs
Post operative care Avoiding makeup and exposure to sun until the healing is complete
Results Fresher appearance to the skin and tightening of the skin but does not cure dynamic wrinkles

The choice of facial cosmetic surgery depends upon a number of factors- such as costs of cosmetic surgery, skin type of the patient, degree of skin damage and use of medicine along with the herbal supplements.

Do not forget to discuss the issues during the consultation with the plastic surgeon.

Best of luck with the plastic surgery!

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