Guidelines for effective recovery after surgery procedures

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You may be the best candidate for plastic surgery, but there are several other factors which determine your results with the surgery. Similarly, to remain healthy after a procedure is much more in your hands than the surgeons. The information given below may help you to understand the significance of pre and post operative care.

Informed Decision
Since plastic surgery involves so many elective procedures and luxury type of surgeries, it is very important for the patients to have realistic expectations which are in line with those of the surgeon. A meaningful discussion or interaction between the surgeon and patient through initial consultation is essential to make an informed decision. The disclosure by the surgeon should involve the diagnosis, the nature and purpose of the suggested procedure, the reasonable foreseeable risks associated with that procedure and the chance of success or failure of the procedure. It is desirable to have proper and full documentation of the procedure and risks and to ensure your consent to surgery is fully informed.

Concerns After the surgery
If you want to live healthy after a surgery procedure, it is imperative for you to follow your plastic surgeonís instructions. This not only helps you to avoid complications but also ensures you to get the best possible outcomes from your procedures. Though the instructions vary from procedure to procedure, there are some general post-operative care needs to keep in mind.

Avoiding smoking and drinking
Most plastic surgeons recommend that you avoid activities that could hinder the healing process, such as smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages.

Avoiding strenuous activities
It is also often suggested that you take at least a week away from your daily routine and to try to avoid any strenuous activities that can affect your blood pressure. This allows yourself time to rest and recuperate.

Medication
Cosmetic surgeons may recommend any medication containing aspirin should be discontinued as it can increase bruising and may even cause internal bleeding. It is important to follow the drug schedule prescribed by the doctor to avoid pain and discomfort after the surgery.

Drugs such as Panadeine or Panadeine Forte prescribed by the plastic surgeon contain codeine, an ingredient that can cause constipation. So, it is important for you to drink plenty of fluids and stay on a high fiber diet. You may also find a laxative could be helpful during this time, but only take medications with your doctors consent in case there is any potential conflict with your particular procedure.

Taking care of scars
Your stitches will be removed a few days after surgery. To assist with the healing process and to make scars less visible, you may be recommended by your surgeon to try rubbing Vitamin E cream into the scars twice a day for six weeks.

It is not unusual for most patients to be dissatisfied with the amount of scarring. Most scars will start healing after some time. But there are situations that involve scarring which by their very nature reveal substandard care or a faulty procedure-- such as a scar caused due to leakage of intravenous caustic material (extravasation) leading to thrombosis of the blood vessels and possible loss of overlying skin. In such cases the scar is of much concern as it is a manifestation of the iatrogenic injury. If you feel that your scars from surgery are becoming worse immediately consult your doctor.

Non-healing wounds and repeat surgical procedures may also result in unusual scarring. It is best to have as much information on the procedure before undergoing the surgery, because a lot depends upon your selection of the procedure.

The following information may help you to take proper care of your specific surgery procedure.

Breast Implants
There are well-known local problems that can occur with breast implants. They may involve capsular contracture, scar tissue formation around the implant, infection of the implant, failure of the implant or hematoma, or bleeding around the implant. There are standard solutions for management of complications associated with these women breast implants; appropriate and timely diagnosis and intervention is quite important in this regard.

Breast Reduction Surgery
Decreasing the size of the breast is generally performed to relieve symptoms of neck, back or shoulder discomfort secondary to enlarged breasts. There are several surgical techniques for breast reduction; however all of them result in some type of visible scar on the breast mound itself. The risks of the operation involve potential loss of the nipple, skin or breast tissue. The larger the reduction the more potential risks, so be very careful and realistic for the outcomes of your surgery.

Smoking also increases the risk of complications.

Liposuction
Facelifts, nose jobs, eye lifts or liposuction of the face and neck areas are very common operations. The potential for unsatisfactory results in these cases is very high, particularly if the operative sites are larger in size. Not only larger areas require longer operating times they also create greater hazards for infection; delays in healing and the formation of fat clots or blood clots. The blood clots could be dangerous if they migrate to the lungs, this can lead to shock or fluid accumulation that should be drained. Friction burns or other damage to the skin or nerves or perforation injury to the vital organs is also possible; it is always better to restrict your liposuction procedure to as smaller area as possible to minimize risks.

Body Contour Surgery
Abdominoplasties or tummy tucks surgeries and suction assisted lipectomies can also result in unsatisfactory postoperative results if the post operative instructions are not followed.

There are a lot of instructions which are to be strictly followed; such as during showering and changing your dressings. Then there is the instruction for walking, though some of you may find it very hard to stand straight at first, it is recommended that you start walking as soon as possible.

Recovery from abdominoplasty will be much faster if you do some moderate exercise daily. Even people who have never exercised before should begin an exercise program to reduce swelling, lower the chance of blood clots, and tone muscles. Remember to avoid vigorous exercises. Your doctor can give you the best advice on an exercise program after your operation for your particular situation.

It takes 2-3 weeks for taking out the deeper stitches that protrude through the skin. The dressing on your incision may be replaced by a support garment if you wish so. Your scars may actually appear to worsen during the first three to six months as they heal, but this is normal. Donít panic, expect it to take nine months to a year before your scars flatten out and lighten in color.

Hand Surgery
The hand is a very sensitive part of the body; you may have mild to severe pain following its reconstructive surgery. Though injections or oral medication may help you feel comfortable, how quickly you resume your normal activities largely depends on the type and extent of surgery and on how fast you heal.

Exercises may help you to enhance your recovery; your plastic surgeon may recommend a course of rehabilitation (physical and occupational therapy) under the direction of a trained hand therapist. Your therapy may include hand exercises, heat and massage therapy, electrical nerve stimulation, splinting, traction, and special wrappings to control swelling. A physiotherapy based course of exercise can help in most cases.

Besides the surgeries mentioned above there are many other plastic surgeries of course. Any surgery that you undergo, just lays the foundation for your recovery, it is most crucial to follow the plastic surgeon and the therapist's instructions and to be healthy and fit after a procedure.

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