Reconstructive Plastic Surgery – guide to the most valuable reconstructive procedures

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Reconstructive Plastic Surgery
It is estimated that more that one million reconstructive procedures are performed by plastic surgeons every year. The main difference between a reconstructive plastic surgery and cosmetic surgery is that a reconstructive surgery is performed to correct an abnormal structure of the body, whereas a cosmetic surgery is performed to enhance the appearance of a normal structure of the body.

Reconstructive surgery is mainly performed for corrections of birth defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma or injury, infection, tumors, or damage caused by a disease. The main goal of a reconstructive surgery is to improve the function of the organ or to give the appearance of normal functioning. This is the reason that most reconstructive plastic surgeries costs are covered by insurance as against cosmetic surgery costs which are mostly borne by the patients.

Reconstructive surgery helps patients of all ages and types - whether it's a child with a birth defect, a young adult injured in an accident, or an older adult with a problem caused by aging. Though the results of reconstructive surgeries are far from being perfect, nevertheless they help people to live a normal life.

Burn Reconstruction
Burns caused by heat, fire or chemicals are some of the most destructive and painful injuries a body can suffer destroying muscle, nerves, and even bone, and can cause permanent scarring and disfigurement.

Plastic surgery offers many solutions to people recovering from the horrors of burn injuries. Tissue expansion, split thickness and full thickness skin auto grafts, skin flaps (skin with underlying fat, blood vessels and sometimes muscle) and artificial two-layer skin regeneration systems are some of the general procedures which are used by the plastic surgeon to reconstruct the tissue damaged by burn

Cleft Lip Repair
One out about 800 children will be born with a condition called a cleft lip, where the sections of the upper lip do not grow together properly. A similar condition called a cleft palate that causes the soft tissues on the upper part of the mouth fail to join together is also found in some children.

Fortunately, these conditions are fairly easy to remedy through reconstructive surgery techniques. Cleft lip surgery usually takes place when the child is about 10 months old, and involves a simple incision on either side of the cleft from mouth to nostril to join the lips together in the common “Cupid’s Bow” shape. Cleft palate repair is more complicated than repairing a cleft lip. An incision on both sides of the gap allows the surgeon to stretch muscle and tissue together to form a unified palate which will allow the child to eat and speak normally.

Recovery from these procedures depends greatly on the extent of work performed, but you can expect your child to fully recover after a few weeks. For more information consult a board certified plastic surgeon.

Ear Deformity Surgery
Ear deformities are one of the most common types of reconstructive surgery performed on a small percentage of the population born with defective ears. Common deformities include: “cup ear” where parts of the outer ear develop irregularly, “Lop ear” that causes the inner ear to grow at a right angle from the head rather than parallel, and “Cauliflower Ear” caused by inflammation and injury.

There are many reconstructive options to repair such ear deformities. Most ear surgeries are simple affairs that involve little pain but provide a lifetime of pride and confidence.

Hand Surgery
The hand is the most complicated of structures with a heavy concentration of tendons, bones, and nerves. Hand it is prone to many forms of genetic disorders and injuries. Fortunately, plastic surgery has made incredible advances in reconstructing hands damaged by congenital defects or external trauma.

Complicated problems such as joined fingers or simple carpal tunnel syndrome can easily be there reconstructed by experienced plastic surgeons in your region.

Microsurgery
Performed with extremely fine and precise surgical instruments, microsurgeries are almost miraculous reconstructive procedures which are performed to repair complex structures of nerves, tendons, and muscles. Reconstructive surgery is able to restore the seemingly permanent injuries to the hands, face, and joints providing new hope for life with fewer complications than ever before.

Skin Cancer Reconstruction
Deep skin cancers often require significant surgery around delicate nerves and muscles which can significantly alter the way you look, particularly if the cancer was around your face.

Port-Wine Stain Removal
Many people have pink, purple or wine colored discolorations on their face, chest, or other places. Reconstructive surgery using laser light technology helps out such people from embarrassments by eliminating the blood vessels that cause port wine stains.

Scar Removal
Advances in reconstructive procedures have enabled the plastic surgeons to virtually eliminate the appearance of any scars on your face and body.

Breast Reconstruction
The reconstruction of breast tissue damaged by accident, cancer, or other disease is the most rewarding a procedure for many women. While not a simple procedure, breast reconstruction has made incredible advances in replicating the look and feel of a natural breast.

Free-Flap Breast Reconstruction
This innovative procedure involves using skin and muscle from the back side to create a natural looking and feeling “pocket” for a breast implant in women. Since the complicated procedure uses the patient’s own tissue, it avoids complications such as graft rejection etc. Usually the procedure has a longer recovery period.

Tram Flap Breast Reconstruction
Tram Flap Breast Reconstruction, or Transverse Rectus Abdominis Muscle reconstruction, is similar to free flap breast reconstruction, but instead of skin from the back it uses skin, fat, and muscle from the stomach to reconstruct a breast after it has been damaged or removed. This procedure creates a small pocket for a silicon implant and restores much of the look and feel of a natural breast.

Breast Implant Removal
This reconstructive procedure is performed if an individual experiences some unusual consequences of breast augmentation such as pain of the extra weight they carry; new and unwanted attention they receive; or occasionally serious medical problems caused by breast implants. While some women want to remove their implants entirely, some like to go down to a smaller size.

Consultation with the surgeon
Whatever reconstructive procedure you may wish to undergo, choose a board certified plastic and reconstructive surgeon and be sure to have a detailed consultation prior to your surgery.

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